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  • Auxins and their roles in Growth and Development

    Auxins are a class of plant hormones that play a fundamental role in various aspects of plant growth and development. They are involved in processes such as cell elongation, apical dominance, root initiation, vascular tissue differentiation, and tropisms (growth responses to external stimuli). Here’s an overview of the roles of auxins in plant growth and […]

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  • Cytokinins and their roles in Growth and development

    Cytokinins are a class of plant hormones that play a crucial role in regulating various aspects of plant growth and development. They are involved in cell division, shoot and root growth, chloroplast development, delay of senescence (aging), and other physiological processes. Here’s an overview of the roles of cytokinins in plant growth and development: 1. […]

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  • Brassinosteroids and their use in agriculture

    Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of plant hormones that play a significant role in various physiological processes, including cell elongation, cell division, seed germination, flowering, and stress tolerance. They are structurally similar to animal steroid hormones. The application of brassinosteroids in agriculture has been explored to enhance plant growth, stress tolerance, and overall crop productivity. […]

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  • Salicylic acid and its use in agriculture

    Salicylic acid (SA) is a naturally occurring phytohormone, a derivative of salicin, which is found in various plants, particularly in willow bark. It has gained significant attention in agriculture due to its versatile role in enhancing plant defense mechanisms, stress tolerance, and overall growth. Here’s an overview of salicylic acid and its applications in agriculture: […]

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  • Chitosan and its use in agriculture

    Chitosan is a biopolymer derived from chitin, a naturally occurring substance found in the exoskeleton of crustaceans (such as shrimp, crabs, and lobsters) and the cell walls of fungi. It has gained attention in agriculture due to its unique properties and potential benefits in plant growth, protection against diseases, and improvement of crop yield. Here’s […]

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  • Bioinsecticides

    Bioinsecticides are natural insecticides derived from natural materials, organisms, or substances based on biological processes. They are a type of pest control method used in agriculture and gardening to manage and control insect pests in an eco-friendly and sustainable manner. Bioinsecticides offer an alternative to synthetic chemical insecticides, aiming to reduce the environmental impact and […]

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  • Soil Test and Interpretation

    Soil testing is a critical tool used by farmers, gardeners, and agricultural experts to assess the nutrient content and other properties of the soil. The results of a soil test provide valuable information about the soil’s fertility, pH, organic matter content, and potential deficiencies or excesses of essential nutrients. Here’s a general guide on how […]

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  • Crop tolerance to drought and water scarcity

    Crop tolerance to drought and water scarcity, often referred to as drought tolerance, is the ability of a plant to withstand and maintain productivity under reduced water availability or during extended periods of drought. Developing drought-tolerant crops is essential for addressing water scarcity issues and ensuring sustainable agriculture, particularly in regions prone to drought. Here […]

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  • Nutrients uptake and translocation

    Nutrient uptake and translocation in plants are critical processes that involve the absorption of essential nutrients from the soil by plant roots, their movement within the plant, and their distribution to various tissues and organs to support growth, development, and metabolic functions. These processes are fundamental to plant health and productivity. Here’s an overview of […]

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