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  • Aphanomyces euteiches and its control in pulse crops

    Aphanomyces euteiches is a water mold (oomycete) that causes Aphanomyces root rot, also known as common root rot, in various pulse crops such as peas, lentils, chickpeas, and other legumes. It is a significant pathogen that can lead to substantial yield losses and reduced crop quality. Here are some methods for controlling Aphanomyces euteiches in […]

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  • Seed treatments and seed dressings to control disease and promote germination and emergence

    Seed treatments and dressings play a crucial role in protecting seeds from diseases, pests, and environmental stressors while promoting germination and healthy emergence of seedlings. They enhance seedling vigor and establish a strong start for the plant, which is essential for crop success. Here are common seed treatments and dressings used for disease control and […]

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  • Sugar transport and grain fill

    Sugar transport and grain fill are crucial processes in plants, especially in cereal crops like wheat, corn, rice, and barley, where sugars produced during photosynthesis are transported and utilized to fill and develop grains. This process is fundamental for achieving optimal grain yield and quality. Here’s an overview of how sugar transport contributes to grain […]

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  • Soil compaction and soil nutrients that can help

    Soil compaction occurs when soil particles are compressed, reducing pore spaces and negatively impacting aeration, water infiltration, and nutrient movement within the soil. To address soil compaction and enhance soil structure and fertility, specific soil nutrients and management practices can be employed: 1. Organic Matter: 2. Calcium (Ca): 3. Magnesium (Mg): 4. Phosphorus (P), Nitrogen […]

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  • Fungal Screen on Seed

    A fungal seed screen, also known as a seed health test, is a diagnostic procedure used to assess the presence and abundance of fungal pathogens or fungi-associated issues in seeds. This screening is essential for evaluating seed quality and ensuring that seeds are free from harmful fungi that can affect germination, seedling vigor, and crop […]

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  • Sclerotinia and calcium

    Calcium plays a significant role in managing and preventing Sclerotinia, a fungal pathogen that causes various diseases, including Sclerotinia stem rot. While calcium itself does not directly act as a fungicide, it plays a vital role in strengthening plant cell walls, improving plant health, and reducing susceptibility to Sclerotinia infections. Here’s how calcium is related […]

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  • Sclerotinia Root and Stem Rot

    Sclerotinia root and stem rot, caused by the fungus Sclerotinia spp., is a destructive fungal disease affecting a wide range of plants, including various crops and ornamental plants. The disease primarily attacks the roots and stems of plants, leading to reduced growth, wilting, and, in severe cases, plant death. Managing Sclerotinia root and stem rot […]

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  • The Process of Germination

    Germination is the process by which a seed begins to grow and develop into a new plant. It involves the activation of the dormant seed and the emergence of the seedling from the seed coat. The germination process can be divided into several stages: 1. Imbibition: 2. Activation of Metabolic Processes: 3. Resumption of Cellular […]

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  • Fusarium Head Blight in cereals and its control

    Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), also known as scab, is a destructive fungal disease that affects cereal crops, including wheat, barley, oats, and rye. The disease primarily affects the heads (spikes) of these plants, leading to reduced yield, poor grain quality, and the production of mycotoxins harmful to humans and livestock. Effective management of Fusarium Head […]

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  • Clubroot in Canola and effect of calcium on disease control

    Clubroot is a severe soil-borne disease caused by the pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae. It primarily affects plants in the Brassicaceae family, including canola (rapeseed), cabbage, broccoli, and other cruciferous vegetables. The disease leads to the formation of galls or “clubs” on the roots, hindering water and nutrient uptake and causing stunted growth and yield reduction. While […]

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