Skip to Content

Pollination is a crucial biological process in plant reproduction where pollen from the male part (anthers) of a flower is transferred to the female part (stigma) of the same or a different flower, resulting in the formation of seeds and fruits. Pollination can occur through various agents such as wind, water, insects, birds, and other animals.

Role of Calcium and Boron in Pollination:

  1. Calcium (Ca):
    • Pollen Tube Growth and Development:
      • Calcium is vital for pollen tube growth, a critical stage in the fertilization process. The tip of the pollen tube contains calcium ions that help guide the tube’s growth towards the ovary for fertilization.
    • Cell Wall Formation:
      • Calcium plays a key role in the formation and stability of the cell walls in both pollen and the stigma, providing structural integrity for the pollen tube to penetrate the stigma and grow towards the ovary.
    • Pistil Development:
      • Adequate calcium levels are essential for the proper development and function of the pistil, including the stigma and style, which are crucial for pollen reception and guidance.
  2. Boron (B):
    • Pollen Germination and Tube Growth:
      • Boron is essential for pollen germination and pollen tube elongation. It influences cell wall metabolism, which is critical for the growth of the pollen tube through the style and towards the ovary.
    • Fertilization and Seed Development:
      • Boron helps in the formation of healthy seeds by promoting proper fertilization and seed development.
    • Flower Formation and Viability:
      • Boron supports the overall health and development of flowers, ensuring their viability and ability to attract pollinators.

Overall Impact on Pollination:

  • Adequate levels of calcium and boron are crucial for successful pollination by ensuring healthy pollen development, optimal pollen tube growth, and effective fertilization.
  • Deficiencies in calcium or boron can lead to abnormal pollen development, weak pollen tubes, reduced seed set, and ultimately impact fruit and seed production.
  • Plants with insufficient calcium or boron may exhibit symptoms such as reduced fruit set, malformed fruits, and poor seed quality.

To optimize pollination and support plant reproductive health, it’s essential for growers to maintain appropriate levels of calcium and boron in the soil through soil testing, and apply fertilizers or soil amendments accordingly. Balanced nutrition with adequate levels of essential minerals, including calcium and boron, contributes to healthy plant growth, improved pollination outcomes, and enhanced crop yields.

Talk to your OMEX representative today to learn more about our range of boron and calcium products and their use to promote growth and development and improve pollination and grain fill.